legal instruments
Illegal acts should entail consequences: the dead and the harmed deserve justice

War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity,
Genocide, and Terrorism

2187 U.N.T.S. 90, entered into force July 1, 2002.
3 Official Gazette Control Council for Germany 50-55 (1946).
G.A. Res. 2391, U.N. GAOR, 23d Sess., Supp. No. 18, at 40, U.N. Doc. A/7218 (1968), entered into force Nov. 11, 1970.
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide,78 U.N.T.S. 277, entered into force Jan. 12, 1951.
Convention with Respect to the Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague, II) (29 July 1899), entered into force September 4, 1900.
(Hague IV) (18 October, 1907), entered into force January 26, 1910.
U.N. Doc. S/25704 at 36, annex (1993) and S/25704/Add.1 (1993), adopted by Security Council on 25 May 1993, U.N. Doc. S/RES/827 (1993).
adopted by S.C. Res. 827, U.N. SCOR, 48th Sess., 3217th mtg. at 6, U.N. Doc. S/RES/827 (1993), 32 I.L.M. 1203 (1993).
adopted by S.C. Res. 955, U.N. SCOR, 49th Sess., 3453d mtg. at 3, U.N. Doc. S/RES/955 (1994), 33 I.L.M. 1598, 1600 (1994).
U.N. Doc. ITR/3/REV.1 (1995), entered into force 29 June 1995.
82 U.N.T.S. 279, entered into force Aug. 8, 1945.
G.A. res. 3074 (XXVIII), 28 U.N. GAOR Supp. (30A) at 78, U.N. Doc. A/9030/Add.1 (1973).
C.H.R. res. 2005/35, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2005/ L.10/Add.11 (19 April 2005).

The Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction 28,
Princeton University Program in Law and Public Affairs (2001).

U.N. Doc. PCNICC/2000/1/Add.2 (2000).
U.N. Doc. PCNICC/2000/1/Add.1 (2000).
Arabic || French || Spanish || Arabic || Russian || Chinese
G.A. Res. 109, U.N. GAOR, 54th Sess., Supp. No. 49, U.N. Doc A/54/49 (Vol. I) (1999), S. Treaty Doc. No. 106-49 (2000), 39 I.L.M. 270 (2000),adopted 9 Dec. 1999, entered into force 10 Apr. 2002.


Law of Armed Conflict

75 U.N.T.S. 31, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
75 U.N.T.S. 85, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
75 U.N.T.S. 135, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
75 U.N.T.S. 287, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
1125 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Dec. 7, 1978.
1125 U.N.T.S. 609, entered into force Dec. 7, 1978.
Geneva, October 26-29, 1863.
18 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser. 1) 607, 129 Consol. T.S. 361, entered into force June 22, 1865.
18 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser.1) 612, 138 Consol. T.S. 189.
18 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser. 1) 474, 138 Consol. T.S. 297, entered into force November 29/December 11, 1868.
Aug. 27, 1874, 4 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser. 2) 219, 65 BRIT. FOREIGN & ST. PAPERS 1005 (1873-74).
Manual published by the Institute of International Law (Oxford Manual), Adopted by the Instutute of International Law at Oxford, September 9, 1880.
26 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser. 2) 258.
The Hague, 3 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser. 3) 745, 205 Consol. T.S. 403,entered into force Nov. 27, 1909.
208 Consol. T.S. 338 (1909).
208 Consol. T.S. 338 (1909).
2 Martens Nouveau Recueil (ser. 3) 213, 197 Consol. T.S. 331, entered into force March 26, 1907.
11 L.N.T.S. 440, entered into force August 9, 1907. No longer in force.
7 Marten Nouveau Recueil (ser. 3) 73, 212 Consol. T.S. 173 (1910).
Oxford, Adopted by the International Institute of International Law, August 9, 1913.
December 1922 – February 1923.
Geneva, 94 L.N.T.S. 65, entered into force Feb. 8, 1928.
134 L.N.T.S. 45, entered into force May 21, 1929.
135 L.N.T.S. 187, entered into force Jan. 21, 1931.
Geneva, July 27, 1929.
118 L.N.T.S. 303, entered into force June 19, 1931.
118 L.N.T.S. 343, entered into force June 19, 1931.
(Part IV, Art. 22, relating to submarine warfare), 112 L.N.T.S. 65, entered into force Dec. 31, 1930.
Tokyo, 1934.
167 L.N.T.S. 289, entered into force Aug. 26, 1935.
173 L.N.T.S. 353, entered into force Nov. 6, 1936.
181 L.N.T.S. 137, entered into force Sept. 14, 1937.
181 L.N.T.S. 137, entered into force Sept. 17, 1937.
Amsterdam, 1938.
82 U.N.T.S. 280, entered into force Aug. 8, 1945.
G.A. Res. 95 (I), U.N. GAOR, 1st Sess., pt. 2, at 1144, U.N. Doc. A/236 (1946).
75 U.N.T.S. 287, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
75 U.N.T.S. 21, Aug. 12, 1949.
U.N. Doc. A/CN.4/Ser.A/1950/Add.1 (1950).
249 U.N.T.S. 216, May 14, 1954.
249 U.N.T.S. 240, entered into force Aug. 7, 1956.
249 U.N.T.S. 358, entered into force Aug. 7, 1956.
The Hague, 14 May 1954.
New Delhi, 1957.
Opened for signature on 1st May 1957.
Teheran, 12 May 1968.
754 U.N.T.S. 73, 8 I.L.M. 68, entered into force Nov. 11, 1970.
G.A. Res. 2444 (XXIII), U.N. GAOR, 23rd Sess., Supp. No. 18, at 164, U.N. Doc. A/7433 (1968).
Apr. 10, 1972, 26 U.S.T. 583, 1015 U.N.T.S. 163, entered into force Mar. 25, 1975.
ETS 82, 13 I.L.M. 540, Jan. 25, 1974, not in force.
G.A.Res. 72, 31st Sess., Supp. No. 39, at 36, U.N.Doc. A/31/39 (1977),entered into force Oct. 5, 1978.
Convention of the OAU for the Elimination of Mercenarism in Africa, O.A.U. Doc. CM/433/Rev. L. Annex 1 (1972), entered into force April 22, 1985.
Geneva, 28 September 1979.
19 I.L.M. 1523, Oct. 10 1980.
1342 U.N.T.S. 137, 19 I.L.M. 1524, entered into force Dec. 2, 1983.
1342 U.N.T.S. 168, 19 I.L.M. 1529, entered into force Dec. 2, 1983.
U.N. Doc. A/Conf.95/15, Annex I (1980), entered into force Dec. 2, 1983.
1342 U.N.T.S. 168, 19 I.L.M. 1529, entered into force Dec. 2, 1983; as amended May 3, 1996, 35 I.L.M. 1206.
1342 U.N.T.S. 171, 19 I.L.M. 1534, entered into force Dec. 2, 1983.
U.N. Doc. CCW/MSP/2003/2 (Nov. 27, 2003), entered into force May 16, 2006.
ETS 126, 27 I.L.M. 1152, entered into force Feb. 1, 1989.
G.A. Res. 34, U.N. GAOR, 44th Sess., Supp. No. 43, at 590, U.N. Doc. A/44/43 (1989), 29 I.L.M. 91, not in force.
338 (1989).
San Remo, 7 April 1990.
51st Sess., Provisional Agenda Item 19, at 4, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1995/116 (1995) (Declaration of Turku).
C.H.R. res. 2005/35, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2005/ L.10/Add.11 (19 April 2005).
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3314 (XXIX).
G.A. res. 255, Nov. 15, 2000, U.N. Doc. A/RES/55/255 (2001), not yet entered into force.
Geneva, 7 June 2006.
Additional links to Laws of Armed Conflict websites:


United Nations Documents and Instruments

June 26, 1945, 59 Stat. 1031, T.S. 993, 3 Bevans 1153, entered into forceOct. 24, 1945.
G.A. res. 2625, Annex, 25 UN GAOR, Supp. (No. 28), U.N. Doc. A/5217 at 121 (1970).


The International Bill of Human Rights


G.A. res. 217A (III), U.N. Doc A/810 at 71 (1948).
G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 49,
U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 993 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Jan. 3, 1976.
G.A. res. 63/117 (2008).
U.N. Doc. A/HRC/8/WG.4/3 (Apr. 4, 2008).
G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52,
U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 171, entered into force Mar. 23, 1976.
G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 59, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 302, entered into force March 23, 1976.
G.A. res. 44/128, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 207, U.N. Doc. A/44/49 (1989), entered into force July 11, 1991.
U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1985/4, Annex (1985).


Arabic and Islamic Instruments

adopted by the Islamic Council of Europe on 19 September 1981/21 Dhul Qaidah 1401.
Council of the League of Arab States, Arab Charter on Human Rights, September 15, 1994, reprinted in 18 Hum. Rts. L.J. 151 (1997).
League of Arab States, Arab Charter on Human Rights, May 22, 2004,reprinted in 12 Int’l Hum. Rts. Rep. 893 (2005), entered into force March 15, 2008.


Self-Determination

Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
G.A. res. 1514 (XV), 15 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 66, U.N. Doc. A/4684 (1961).
Arabic
|| French || Japanese || Russian || Spanish

Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources,
G.A. res. 1803 (XVII), 17 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No.17) at 15, U.N. Doc. A/5217 (1962).
Arabic
|| French || Japanese || Russian || Spanish



Prevention of Discrimination on the Basis of Race, Religion or Belief; and Protection of Minorities

660 U.N.T.S. 195, entered into force Jan. 4, 1969.
E/CN.4/Sub.2/1982/2/Add.1, annex V (1982).
Paris, 22 November 1978, UNESCO’s Standard-Setting Instruments, IV.C. (1994).
G.A. res. 36/55, 36 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 171, U.N. Doc. A/36/684 (1981).
G.A. res. 47/135, annex, 47 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 210, U.N. Doc. A/47/49 (1993).
Gen. Conf. Res. 5.61, UNESCO Doc. 28 C/Res. 5.61 (Nov. 16, 1995).
G.A. res. 3068 (XXVIII)), 28 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 30) at 75, U.N. Doc. A/9030 (1974), 1015 U.N.T.S. 243, entered into force July 18, 1976.
G.A. Res. 40/64, U.N. GAOR, 40th Sess. Supp. No. 53, at 37, U.N. Doc. A/40/53 (1985), 1500 U.N.T.S. 161, entered into force April 3, 1988.
U.N. Doc. A/CONF.189/5 (2001).
U.N. Doc. A/ CONF.189/12 (2001).


Women’s Human Rights

G.A. res. 34/180, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 193, U.N. Doc. A/34/46, entered into force Sept. 3, 1981.
G.A. res. 54/4, annex, 54 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 5, U.N. Doc. A/54/49 (Vol. I) (2000), entered into force Dec. 22, 2000.
193 U.N.T.S. 135, entered into force July 7, 1954.
Adopted by the 2nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union, Maputo, CAB/LEG/66.6 (Sept. 13, 2000); reprinted in 1 Afr. Hum. Rts. L.J. 40, entered into force Nov. 25, 2005.
G.A. res. 3318 (XXIX), 29 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 31) at 146, U.N. Doc. A/9631 (1974).
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, G.A. res. 48/104, 48 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 217, U.N. Doc. A/48/49 (1993).
A/CONF.177/20 (1995) and A/CONF.177/20/Add.1 (1995).
G.A. Res. 23/10 (special session), U.N. Doc. A/RES/S-23/3 (Nov. 16, 2000).
G.A. Res. 60/140, U.N. Doc. A/RES/60/140 (Feb. 7, 2006).
Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, G.A. res. 55/25, annex I, 55 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 44, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001).
G.A. res. 55/25, annex II, 55 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 60, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol.I) (2001).
G.A. res. 55/25, annex III, 55 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 65, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001).
Inter-American Convention on the Granting of Civil Rights to Women, 1438 U.N.T.S. 51, entered into force March 17, 1949.
Inter-American Convention on the Granting of Political Rights of Women, 1438 U.N.T.S. 63, entered into force March 17, 1949.
Inter-American Convention on the Nationality of Women, O.A.S. Treaty Series No. 4, 38, entered into force Aug. 29, 1934.
33 I.L.M. 1534 (1994), entered into force March 5, 1995.
E/2002/68/Add.1 (2002).
U.N. Doc. HCR/GIP/02/01 (2002).


Slavery and Slavery-Like Practices

60 L.N.T.S. 253, entered into force March 9, 1927.
Oct. 11, 1933, 150 L.N.T.S., entered into force Aug. 24, 1934.
182 U.N.T.S. 51, entered into force December 7, 1953.
226 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force April 30, 1957.
G.A. res. 55/25, annex I, 55 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 44, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I), not in force.
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, G.A. Res. 25, annex II, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 60, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Dec.25, 2003.
G.A. Res. 55/25, annex III, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 65, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Jan. 28, 2004.
International Agreement for the Suppression of the “White Slave Traffic”,18 May 1904, 35 Stat. 1979, 1 L.N.T.S. 83, entered into force 18 July 1905.
International Convention for the Suppression of the “White Slave Traffic”,May 4, 1910, 211 Consol. T.S. 45, 1912 GR. Brit. T.S. No. 20, as amended by Protocol Amending the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, and Amending the International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, May 4, 1949, 2 U.S.T. 1999, 30 U.N.T.S. 23, entered into force June 21, 1951.
(ILO No. 182), 2133 U.N.T.S.
161, entered into force Nov. 19, 2000.
Mar. 18, 1994, OEA/Ser.K/XXI.5, CIDIP-V/doc.36/94 rev. 5, 79 O.A.S.T.S., 33 I.L.M. 721 (1994).
E/2002/68/Add.1 (2002).


Trafficking and Human Rights

96 U.N.T.S. 271, entered into force July 25, 1951.
G.A. Res. 25, annex II, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 60, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Dec.25, 2003.
G.A. Res. 55/25, annex III, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 65, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Jan. 28, 2004.
International Agreement for the Suppression of the “White Slave Traffic,”18 May 1904, 35 Stat. 1979, 1 L.N.T.S. 83, entered into force 18 July 1905.
International Convention for the Suppression of the “White Slave Traffic,”May 4, 1910, 211 Consol. T.S. 45, 1912 GR. Brit. T.S. No. 20, as amended by Protocol Amending the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, and Amending the International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, May 4, 1949, 2 U.S.T. 1999, 30 U.N.T.S. 23, entered into force June 21, 1951.
Mar. 18, 1994, OEA/Ser.K/XXI.5, CIDIP-V/doc.36/94 rev. 5, 79 O.A.S.T.S., 33 I.L.M. 721 (1994).
G.A. Res. 54/263, Annex II, 54 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 6, U.N. Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000), entered into force January 18, 2002.

U.S. Department of State, Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report (2001).

(Feb. 10, 2005), 1 Intercultural Human Rights L. Rev. 11 (2006).


Rights of Prisoners and Detainees

adopted Aug. 30, 1955, by the First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, U.N. Doc. A/CONF/611, annex I, E.S.C. res. 663C, 24 U.N. ESCOR Supp. (No. 1) at 11, U.N. Doc. E/3048 (1957), amended E.S.C. res. 2076, 62 U.N. ESCOR Supp. (No. 1) at 35, U.N. Doc. E/5988 (1977).
G.A. res. 45/111, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 200, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990).
G.A. res. 43/173, annex, 43 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 298, U.N. Doc. A/43/49 (1988).


Protection From Torture, Ill-Treatment and Disappearance

G.A. res. 39/46, annex, 39 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 197, U.N. Doc. A/39/51 (1984), entered into force June 26, 1987.
G.A. res. 3452 (XXX), annex, 30 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 34) at 91, U.N. Doc. A/10034 (1975).
G.A. res. A/RES/57/199, entered into force June 22, 2006 [reprinted in 42 I.L.M. 26 (2003)].
G.A. res. 37/194, annex, 37 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 211, U.N. Doc. A/37/51 (1982).
G.A. res. 61/177, U.N. Doc. A/RES/61/177 (2006), adopted Dec. 20, 2006.
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G.A. res. 47/133, 47 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 207, U.N. Doc. A/47/49 (1992).
at 32, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/1/L.10 (2006).
E/CN.4/2005/WG.22/WP.1/Rev.4 (2005).
G.A. res. 34/169, annex, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 186, U.N. Doc. A/34/46 (1979).
E.T.S. 126, entered into force Feb. 1, 1989.
(ETS No. 151).
(ETS No. 152).
O.A.S. Treaty Series No. 67, entered into force Feb. 28, 1987, reprinted in Basic Documents Pertaining to Human Rights in the Inter-American System, OEA/Ser.L.V/II.82 doc. 6 rev.1 at 83, 25 I.L.M. 519 (1992).
33 I.L.M.1429 (1994), entered into force March 28, 1996.
Robben Island Guidelines ( 2002).


Human Rights in the Administration of Justice

G.A. res. 34/169, annex, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 186, U.N. Doc. A/34/46 (1979).
Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 112 (1990).
Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 118 (1990).
Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 189 (1990).
Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Milan, 26 August to 6 September 1985, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.121/22/Rev.1 at 59 (1985).
G.A. res. 45/110, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 197, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990).
E.S.C. res. 1989/65, annex, 1989 U.N. ESCOR Supp. (No. 1) at 52, U.N. Doc. E/1989/89 (1989).
E.S.C. res. 1984/50, annex, 1984 U.N. ESCOR Supp. (No. 1) at 33, U.N. Doc. E/1984/84 (1984).
G.A. res. 40/34, annex, 40 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 53) at 214, U.N. Doc. A/40/53 (1985).
G.A. Res. 25, annex I, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 44, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Sept. 29, 2003.
G.A. Res. 25, annex II, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 60, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Sept. 9, 2003.
G.A. res. 55/25, annex III, 55 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 65, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001), entered into force Jan. 28, 2004.
G.A. res. 45/116, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 212, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990).
G.A. res. 45/117, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 215, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990).
ECOSOC Res. 2000/14, U.N. Doc. E/2000/INF/2/Add.2 at 35 (2000).
G.A. Res. 60/147, U.N. Doc. A/RES/60/147 (Dec. 16, 2005).
C.H.R. res. 2005/35, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2005/ L.10/Add.11 (19 April 2005).
U.N. Doc A/HRC/Sub.1/58/L.11/Add.1 at 3 (2006) (Small Arms Principles).
U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2006/58 at 4 (2006).
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Juvenile Offenders

G.A. res. 45/113, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 205, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990).
G.A. res. 45/112, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 201, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990).
G.A. res. 40/33, annex, 40 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 53) at 207, U.N. Doc. A/40/53 (1985).


Rights of the Child

G.A. res. 1386 (XIV), 14 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 19, U.N. Doc. A/4354 (1959).
G.A. res. 44/25, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. A/44/49 (1989), entered into force Sept. 2, 1990.
adopted Sept. 26, 1924, League of Nations O.J. Spec. Supp. 21, at 43 (1924).
38 I.L.M. 1207 (1999), entered into force Nov. 19, 2000.
United States of America, U.N. Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/USA/CO/1 (2008).
United States of America, U.N. Doc. CRC/C/OPSC/USA/CO/1 (2008).
G.A. Res. 54/263, Annex I, 54 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 7, U.N. Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000), entered into force February 12, 2002.
G.A. Res. 54/263, Annex II, 54 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 6, U.N. Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000), entered into force January 18, 2002.
(ILO No. 182), 2133 U.N.T.S. 161, entered into force Nov. 19, 2000.
(April 1997).


World Conferences on Human Rights and Millennium Declaration

Teheran, 22 April to 13 May 1968, U.N. Doc. A/CONF. 32/41 at 3 (1968).
G.A. Res. 55/2, U.N. GAOR, 55th Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 4, U.N. Doc. A/55/49 (2000).
Vienna, 14 – 25 June 1993, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.157/24 (Part I) at 20 (1993).
U.N. Doc. A/ CONF.189/12 (2001).
Programme of Action, Agenda item 9, adopted on September 8, 2001 in Durban South Africa, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.189/5 (2001).


Freedom of Association

68 U.N.T.S. 17, entered into force July 4, 1950.
96 U.N.T.S. 257, entered into force July 18, 1951.
883 U.N.T.S. 111, entered into force June 30, 1973.
1218 U.N.T.S. 87, entered into force Feb. 25, 1981.
G.A. res.53/144, annex, 53 U.N. GAOR Supp., U.N. Doc. U.N. Doc. A/RES/53/144 (1999).


Employment and Forced Labour

39 U.N.T.S. 55, entered into force May 1, 1932.
165 U.N.T.S. 303, entered into force May 23, 1953.
320 U.N.T.S. 291, entered into force Jan. 17, 1959.
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention (ILO No. 111), 362 U.N.T.S. 31, entered into force June 15, 1960.
569 U.N.T.S. 65, entered into force July 9, 1965.
1331 U.N.T.S. 267, entered into force Aug. 11, 1983.
1331 U.N.T.S. 279, entered into force Aug. 11, 1983.
71 ILO Official Bull. 80, entered into force Oct. 17, 1991.
2133 U.N.T.S. 161, entered into force Nov. 19, 2000.
G.A. res. 45/158, annex, 45 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49A) at 262, U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (1990), entered into force July 1, 2003.
120 U.N.T.S. 70, entered into force January 22, 1952.
entered into force April 29, 1972.
(R 135), June 22, 1970.
entered into force April 23, 1964.
entered into force September 24, 1952.
June 18, 1998, 37 I.L.M. 1233 (1998).


Marriage

521 U.N.T.S. 231, entered into force Dec. 9, 1964.
G.A. res. 2018 (XX), 20 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 14) at 36, U.N. Doc. A/6014 (1965).


Education

429 U.N.T.S. 93, entered into force May 22, 1962.
651 U.N.T.S. 362, entered into force Oct. 24, 1968.
entered into force August 29, 1991, reprinted in 37 Select Documents on International Affairs 11 (1989).
Adopted by the World Education Forum, Dakar, Senegal, April 26-28, 2000.
World Conference on Education for All, Jomtien, Thailand, Mar. 5-9, 1990.
Mar. 2, 2005.
June 2005.


Economic Rights, Privacy and Peace

U.N. Doc. E/CONF. 65/20, at 1 (1974).
Supplement, FAO Doc. CL 127/10-Sup.1, Annex 1 (2004).
[WORD]
G.A. res. 44/132, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 211, U.N. Doc. A/44/49 (1989).
G.A. res. 39/11, annex, 39 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 22, U.N. Doc. A/39/51 (1984).
U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2005/17 (2005) (Pinheiro principles) endorsedSub-Com. res. 2005/21, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2006/2 at 39 (2006).
U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2005/17/Add.1(2005), endorsed Sub-Com. res. 2005/21, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2006/2 at 39 (2006).
Maastricht, January 22-26, 1997.
UNESCO Gen. Conf. Res. 29 C/Res.16, reprinted in Records of the General Conference, UNESCO, 29th Sess., 29 C/Resolution 19, at 41 (1997) (adopted by the UN General Assembly, G.A. res. 152, U.N. GAOR, 53rd Sess., U.N. Doc. A/RES/53/152 (1999)).
C.H.R. res. 1997/33, ESCOR Supp. (No. 3) at 115, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1997/33 (1997).
10 September 2002.
23 July 2002.
Bull. Eur. Comm., No. 6, at 17 (1990).
U.N. Doc. FCCC/CP/1997/7/Add.1, Dec. 10, 1997, 37 I.L.M. 22 (1998),entered into force Feb. 16, 2005.
June 25, 1998, 38 I.L.M. 517 (1999), entered into force Oct. 30, 2001.
U.N. Doc. A/Conf.48/14/Rev. 1 (1973); 11 I.L.M. 1416 (1972).
G.A. Res. 45/94, U.N. GAOR, 45th Sess., Supp. No. 49A, at 178, U.N. Doc. A/45/40 (1990).
U.N. Doc. A/HRC/8/WG.4/3 (Apr. 4, 2008).


Indigenous Rights

72 ILO Official Bull. 59, entered into force Sept. 5, 1991.
G.A. Res. 61/295, U.N. Doc. A/RES/47/1 (2007).
Resolution 1995/32 of 3 March 1995, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2006/79, Annex 1, at 10-55 (2006).
Working group of the Commission on Human Rights to elaborate a draft declaration in accordance with paragraph 5 of the General Assembly res. 49/214 of 23 December 1994 (2006).
at 58, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/1/L.10 (2006).
Proposed American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,Approved by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on February 26, 1997, at its 1333rd session, 95th Regular Session, OEA/Ser/L/V/.II.95 Doc.6 (1997).   
O.A.S. Doc. OEA/Ser.K/XVI, GT/DADIN/doc.301/07 (2007).
O.A.S. Doc. OEA/Ser.K/XVI, GT/DADIN/doc.260/06 rev. 1 (2006).


Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

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Environment and Sustainable Development

G.A. res. 2542 (XXIV), 24 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 30) at 49, U.N. Doc. A/7630 (1969).
G.A. res. 3384 (XXX), 30 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 34) at 86, U.N. Doc. A/10034 (1975).
G.A. res. 41/128, annex, 41 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 53) at 186, U.N. Doc. A/41/53 (1986).
Draft Principles On Human Rights And The Environment, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1994/9, Annex I (1994).
Bull. Eur. Communication, No. 6, at 17 (1990).

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus Convention)



Persons with Disabilities and Older Persons

Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons, G.A. res. 2856 (XXVI), 26 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 29) at 93, U.N. Doc. A/8429 (1971).
Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illnesses and the Improvement of Mental Health Care, G.A. res. 46/119, 46 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 189, U.N. Doc. A/46/49 (1991).
Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons, G.A. res. 3447 (XXX), 30 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 34) at 88, U.N. Doc. A/10034 (1975).
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International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, G.A. Res. 61/106, Annex I, U.N. GAOR, 61st Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 65, U.N. Doc. A/61/49 (2006), entered into force May 3, 2008.
First Optional Protocol to the International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, G.A. Res. 61/106, Annex II, U.N. GAOR, 61st Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 80, U.N. Doc. A/61/49 (2006), entered into force May 3, 2008. Ratification information
International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, U.N. C.H.R. res. 1997/33, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1997/150 (1997).
Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, A/RES/48/96, 85th Plenary Meeting 20 December 1993.  
International Year of Disabled Persons, U.N. Doc. A/RES/36/77 (1081).
United Nations Principles for Older Persons, G.A. res. 46/91, Annex, U.N. Doc. A/RES/46/91 (1991).


Political Rights, Freedom of Information, and Right to Culture

Convention on the International Right of Correction, 435 U.N.T.S. 191,entered into force Aug. 24, 1962.
Declaration of the Principles of International Cultural Co-operation, adopted by the UNESCO General Conference at its fourteenth session, Paris, 4 november 1966, UNESCO’s Standard-Setting Instruments, IV.C. (1994).
Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-operation and Peace and Education relating to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by the UNESCO General Conference at its eighteenth session, Paris, 19 November 1974, UNESCO’s Standard-Setting Instruments, I.B. (1994).
UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, Nov. 2, 2001, UNESCO Doc. 31C/Res 25, Annex 1 (2001).
Chinese || French || Russian || Spanish


Refugees and Asylum

Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 189 U.N.T.S. 150, entered into force April 22, 1954.
Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, 606 U.N.T.S. 267, entered into force Oct. 4, 1967.
Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, G.A. res. 428 (V), annex, 5 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 20) at 46, U.N. Doc. A/1775 (1950).
Declaration on Territorial Asylum, G.A. res. 2312 (XXII), 22 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 81, U.N. Doc. A/6716 (1967).
Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1998/53/Add.2 (1998), noted in Comm. Hum. Rts. res. 1998/50.
Cartagena Declaration on Refugees, Nov. 22, 1984, Annual Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, OAS Doc. OEA/Ser.L/V/II.66/doc.10, rev. 1, at 190-93 (1984-85), 17 April 1998.
Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, 1001 U.N.T.S. 45, entered into force June 20, 1974.
[PDF]
[WORD]
International Case Law Relating to Refugees and Asylum Seekers:
New Zealand: RefNZ Case Search
Mar. 28, 1954, 1438 U.N. 129, OAS Treaty Series, No. 19.
Organization of American States Convention on Diplomatic Asylum, Mar. 28, 1954, 1438 U.N. 104, OAS Treaty Series, No. 18.


Nationality, Statelessness, and Rights of Non-Citizens

Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, 596 U.N.T.S. 261, entered into force 19 March 1967.
Convention on the Nationality of Married Women, 309 U.N.T.S. 65,entered into force Aug. 11, 1958.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, 989 U.N.T.S. 175, entered into force Dec. 13, 1975.
Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, 360 U.N.T.S. 117,entered into force June 6, 1960.
Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals Who are not Nationals of the Country in which They Live, G.A. res. 40/144, annex, 40 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 53) at 252, U.N. Doc. A/40/53 (1985).
Migration for Employment (Revised) (ILO No. 97), xxx U.N.T.S. xxx,entered into force January 22, 1952.


Terrorism and Human Rights

International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages, G.A. Res. 146 (XXXIV), U.N. GAOR, 34th Sess., Supp. No. 46, at 245, U.N. Doc. A/34/46 (1979), entered into force June 3, 1983.
International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombing, G.A. Res. 164, U.N. GAOR, 52nd Sess., Supp. No. 49, at 389, U.N. Doc. A/52/49 (1998), entered into force May 23, 2001.
International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, G.A. Res. 109, U.N. GAOR, 54th Sess., Supp. No. 49, U.N. Doc A/54/49 (Vol. I) (1999), S. Treaty Doc. No. 106-49 (2000), 39 I.L.M. 270 (2000), adopted 9 Dec. 1999, entered into force 10 Apr. 2002.
A-66, 42 I.L.M. 19 (2003).
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, 974 U.N.T.S. 178, entered into force January 26, 1973.
Ratification information
European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism, (ETS No. 090),entered into force August 4, 1978.
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1678 U.N.T.S. 221, 27 I.L.M. 668 (1988), entered into force March 1, 1992.


U.N. Activities and Employees

Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel, G.A. res. 49/59, 49 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 299, U.N. Doc. A/49/49,entered into force January 15, 1999.
[PDF]
Russian || Spanish || French || Chinese


National Human Rights Institutions

National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, G.A. res. 48/134, 48 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 252, U.N. Doc. A/48/49 (1993) (“Paris Principles”).
13-14 November 2003.


SOURCE: Human Rights Library, University of Minnesota


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